The hygiene measures and the treatment of Chickenpox primarily consist of easing the symptoms of the virus. As a protective measure, people must stay at home while they are infectious in order to avoid complications and not to spread the disease to others. As Chickenpox causes spots, infected people are advised to cut the nails short or to wear gloves to prevent scratching or minimize the risk of other infections.
In many countries, the vaccine of Varicella is already recommended. Even some countries often require an exemption or varicella vaccination before entering elementary school. A vaccinated people generally have a milder case of chickenpox virus if they ever become infected. The immunization within 3-days by following household contact tends to reduce infection rates and even the severity level in children.
In order to prevent the spread of Chickenpox, the first and best option is to isolate affected individuals. Contagion is due to exposure to respiratory droplets, or via direct contact with lesions, during a period from 3 days before onset rash, up to four days right after the beginning of the rash. The virus is also prone to disinfectants, especially chlorine bleach. Like all covered viruses, it is sensitive to heat, drying, and detergents.
Chickenpox in Children
If aciclovir by mouth begins within 24-hours of rash onset, and it decreases the symptoms of Chickenpox by one day. But, it does not affect the rates of complication. The use of aciclovir, therefore, is not highly recommended for people with the normal function of immune. Children aged younger than 12 years and older as well, within one month, do not have to receive antiviral drugs if they have another medical condition that puts these age groups at risk of developing further complications of the disease.
The treatment of chickenpox virus in children is aimed only at symptoms, while the immune system of human deals with the virus itself. It is essential to cut nails and keep children, especially younger than 12 years, clean. This age group is more likely to scratch blisters and rush far more deeply than adults do.
Chickenpox in Adults
The infection of Chickenpox in healthy adults appears to be far more severe. The treatment with the use of antiviral drugs (such as valaciclovir or aciclovir) is advised for use. It is generally started within 24 - 48 hours from rash onset. This treatment remedies to ease the symptoms in adults. Adults are often prescribed antiviral medication, due to the effectiveness in eliminating the severity of the disease and the possibility of developing further complications. Note that the antiviral medicines do not immediately kill the virus, but instead, it stops and prevents from multiplying. Infected adults are generally advised to increase the intake of water to reduce dehydration and to alleviate headaches.